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Keywords: EMG
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (2): jeb211466.
Published: 23 January 2020
... in order to enhance control and stability. EMG Fish Propulsion Motor control Sensory feedback Transection The pectoral fins of fishes perform dual and interacting roles as motors and sensors. As motors, the pectoral fins are used during posture maintenance, maneuvering and braking...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (5): jeb198101.
Published: 04 March 2019
.../ Summary: The quality of surface electromyography recordings can be automatically classified with an accuracy of 99.55% by a deep neural network (AlexNet). EMG Artificial neural network Muscle excitation Surface electromyography (sEMG) is a non-invasive method for recording muscle...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (2): jeb194852.
Published: 16 January 2019
... or (2) increasing jump height. Electromyography (EMG) and ultrasound analyses were performed to examine muscle activation, fascicle length and fascicle velocity changes of the triceps surae during jumping. Integrated EMG was significantly higher in the added mass paradigm with no difference in mean...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (2): jeb165985.
Published: 16 January 2018
... is established in five different primate species. Motor pattern Motor synergy Chewing EMG Motor patterns are cyclic or ‘repeating sequence(s) of motor neuron activity produced during an actual or fictive motor act’ ( Binder et al., 2009 ). Cyclic chewing behavior is characterized primitively...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (14): 2554–2562.
Published: 15 July 2017
...://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Summary: Novel muscle arrangements and leverage patterns associated with derived fusion of the pelvis to the shell in pleurodire turtles are associated with several novel muscle activity patterns in this lineage. Locomotion Biomechanics Leverage EMG Turtle...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2017) 220 (7): 1181–1186.
Published: 01 April 2017
... EMG Respiratory Hibernation Disuse Inactivity References Banzrai , C. , Nodera , H. , Kawarai , T. , Higashi , S. , Okada , R. , Mori , A. , Shimatani , Y. , Osaki , Y. and Kaji , R. ( 2016 ). Impaired axonal Na + current by hindlimb unloading...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (15): 2410–2415.
Published: 01 August 2015
... - 1113 . 10.1098/rspb.2011.1435 Marsh , R. L. ( 1994 ). Jumping ability of anuran amphibians . Adv. Vet. Sci. Comp. Med.   38 , 51 - 111 . McKinley , P. A. and Smith , J. L. ( 1983 ). Visual and vestibular contributions to prelanding EMG during jump-downs in cats . Exp...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (3): 451–457.
Published: 01 February 2015
... the manuscript. Competing interests The authors declare no competing or financial interests. 8 9 2014 25 11 2014 © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2015 EMG Pre-activation Gastrocnemius Force feedback Uneven ground While running, humans must...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (19): 3474–3482.
Published: 01 October 2014
... muscles. As one of few extant sarcopterygian fishes, P. annectens may provide important functional data to inform interpretation of limb movement of fossil relatives. 10 3 2014 17 7 2014 © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2014 Locomotion Biomechanics EMG Lungfish...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (2): 260–274.
Published: 15 January 2013
... of the sandfish during walking, burial and swimming, here we use high-speed X-ray and visible light imaging with synchronized electromyogram (EMG) recordings of epaxial muscle activity. While moving on the surface, body undulation was not observed and EMG showed no muscle activation. During subsurface sand...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (2): 319–328.
Published: 15 January 2013
... for correspondence ( pbusshardt@zoologie.uni-kiel.de ) 2 6 2012 17 9 2012 © 2013. 2013 insect locomotion electromyogram EMG attachment structure retractor unguis Insects are among the most successful animal groups that are adapted to terrestrial life, considering the number...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (17): 2980–2991.
Published: 01 September 2012
... for correspondence ( Simon.Harrison@csiro.au ) 17 9 2011 22 4 2012 © 2012. 2012 equine gait walk trot canter quadrupedal biomechanics joint torque EMG Biomechanical experiments and mathematical modelling have contributed significantly to current understanding of muscle function...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (2): 287–300.
Published: 15 January 2012
... for correspondence ( sdeban@usf.edu ) 19 10 2011 © 2012. 2012 electromyography EMG Canis locomotion symmetrical gait asymmetrical gait The extrinsic limb muscles are crucial functional components for locomotion in quadrupedal mammals. These muscles span the proximal fulcra...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (1): 115–123.
Published: 01 January 2012
... postures during walking in primates entails minimal use of anti-gravity muscles, this study examined electromyography (EMG) patterns in both the wrist and finger flexor muscles in facultatively digitigrade olive baboons ( Papio anubis ) across a range of speeds. The results demonstrate that baboons can...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (22): 3829–3842.
Published: 15 November 2011
... that are related to resource holding potential during social encounters. EMG experiments in this study demonstrate a link between EP activity, sound duration and SPL. EP activity was also associated with an increase in cranial elevation displacement. Studies on muscle activity during teleost feeding demonstrated...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (22): 3881–3893.
Published: 15 November 2010
... was synchronized to high-speed video to determine body movement associated with sound generation. In addition, electromyography (EMG) recordings tested the activity of six candidate muscles. Fish produced individual pulses with a mean peak frequency of 97 Hz in rapid succession. EMG experiments show that anterior...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (20): 3515–3526.
Published: 15 October 2010
...? We addressed this question by quantifying forelimb kinematics and muscle activity during aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in a generalized freshwater turtle, the red-eared slider ( Trachemys scripta ), using digital high-speed video and electromyography (EMG). Comparisons of our forelimb data...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (9): 1490–1502.
Published: 01 May 2010
... of a parasagittal limb posture and greater sagittal mobility. * Author for correspondence ( nadja.schilling@uni-jena.de ) 24 1 2010 © 2010. 2010 back muscles EMG Canis trunk symmetrical gaits asymmetrical gaits The axial musculoskeletal system represents the ancestral engine...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (3): 487–492.
Published: 01 February 2010
... dynamometer. Cadence and load were varied to span a range of power outputs and myoelectric activity was measured from 10 muscles in the leg. Cycle-by-cycle variations in muscle coordination, cadence and power output were observed and the EMG intensity across all muscles was used as an estimate...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (13): 2092–2104.
Published: 01 July 2009
...: m.p.mcguigan@bath.ac.uk ) 7 4 2009 2009 EMG fascicle strain muscle–tendon force work tendon elastic energy Although the daily activities of most animals, including humans, involve locomotion that requires changes in grade, as well as changes in speed and gait, a large majority...