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Michael A. Elnitsky, Joshua B. Benoit, Giancarlo Lopez-Martinez, David L. Denlinger, Richard E. Lee, Jr
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (17): 2864–2871.
Published: 1 September 2009
... osmotic stress dehydration cold-hardiness Antarctica Chironomidae Insects tolerant of seawater submergence can be classified as either osmoregulators or osmoconformers ( Bradley,1987 ). During exposure to high salinity, osmoregulators maintain the hemolymph at a concentration hyposmotic...
Michael A. Elnitsky, Scott A. L. Hayward, Joseph P. Rinehart, David L. Denlinger, Richard E. Lee, Jr
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (4): 524–530.
Published: 15 February 2008
...Michael A. Elnitsky; Scott A. L. Hayward; Joseph P. Rinehart; David L. Denlinger; Richard E. Lee, Jr SUMMARY During winter, larvae of the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica (Diptera, Chironomidae), must endure 7–8 months of continuous subzero temperatures, encasement in a matrix of soil and ice...
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (5): 836–844.
Published: 1 March 2007
..., 1988 ), but it is more than sufficient for survival considering the thermal stability of B. antarctica 's snow-covered microhabitat, which typically remains between 0 and –2°C and rarely falls below –7°C( Baust and Lee, 1981 ). In common with many Chironomidae, B. antarctica larvae...
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (20): 4024–4032.
Published: 15 October 2006
..., 1991 ; Pickering, 1990 ; Schreck et al., 2001 ). * Author for correspondence (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ) 24 7 2006 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2006 2006 salinity Ephemeroptera Chironomidae stream invertebrate sub-lethal toxicity Increasing...
Richard E. Lee, Jr, Michael A. Elnitsky, Joseph P. Rinehart, Scott A. L. Hayward, Luke H. Sandro, David L. Denlinger
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (3): 399–406.
Published: 1 February 2006
.... Here, we report a novel role for RCH by showing that RCH also increases freezing tolerance in an Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica (Diptera, Chironomidae). The RCH response of B. antarctica was investigated under two distinct physiological states: summer acclimatized and cold acclimated. Summer...
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (18): 2799–2802.
Published: 15 September 2002
... organisms. † Author for correspondence (e-mail: email@example.com ) 17 6 2022 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2002 2002 Polypedilum vanderplanki Chironomidae cryptobiosis anhydrobiosis trehalose Organisms have evolved various mechanisms for adaptation to adverse...