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Keywords: C-start
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (9): jeb243328.
Published: 9 May 2022
... coordinated predatory attacks, escape from the first stimulus but cannot turn away from the second while the escape response is in progress. C -start Escape trajectory Fast start Sensory feedback Looming stimuli Fish escape response Predation Visual stimuli Japan Society...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (12): jeb222034.
Published: 25 June 2020
... by The Company of Biologists Ltd 2020 http://www.biologists.com/user-licence-1-1/ Summary: The presence of vaterite alters fish behaviour in ways that are likely to decrease survival. Behaviour C-start Escape trajectory Fish Salmonidae The escape response of an organism...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (14): jeb203091.
Published: 17 July 2019
...Cees J. Voesenek; Remco P. M. Pieters; Florian T. Muijres; Johan L. van Leeuwen ABSTRACT Most fish species use fast starts to escape from predators. Zebrafish larvae perform effective fast starts immediately after hatching. They use a C -start, where the body curls into a C -shape, and then unfolds...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (7): jeb168609.
Published: 6 April 2018
...Mike Fleuren; Johan L. van Leeuwen; Elsa M. Quicazan-Rubio; Remco P. M. Pieters; Bart J. A. Pollux; Cees J. Voesenek ABSTRACT Fish make C-starts to evade predator strikes. Double-bend (DB) C-starts consist of three stages: Stage 1, in which the fish rapidly bends into a C-shape; Stage 2, in which...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (16): 2866–2875.
Published: 15 August 2014
...Caroline Reinel; Stefan Schuster In their unique hunting behaviour, archerfish use a complex motor decision to secure their prey: based solely on how dislodged prey initially falls, they select an adapted C-start manoeuvre that turns the fish right towards the point on the water surface where...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2013) 216 (9): 1658–1669.
Published: 1 May 2013
...Iman Borazjani SUMMARY Fast starts are crucial in the survival of aquatic swimmers to capture prey or avoid predators. Currently, it is widely accepted that during C-starts: (1) the caudal fin generates a considerable hydrodynamic force; and (2) anal/dorsal fins are erected to significantly...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (22): 4015–4033.
Published: 15 November 2012
... in body shape. We simulated cyclic swimming and a spontaneous C-start. A rigorous comparison with 2-D particle image velocimetry and kinematics data revealed that the computational model accurately predicted the motion of the fish's centre of mass as well as the spatial and temporal characteristics...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (16): 2869–2880.
Published: 15 August 2012
... to increase acceleration away from the threat, yet the contribution of flexible median fins remains undescribed. To investigate the role of median fins, C-start escape responses of bluegill sunfish ( Lepomis macrochirus ) were recorded by three high-speed, high-resolution cameras at 500 frames s −1 and the 3...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (16): 2881–2890.
Published: 15 August 2012
...Brad A. Chadwell; Emily M. Standen; George V. Lauder; Miriam A. Ashley-Ross SUMMARY Although kinematic analysis of individual fin rays provides valuable insight into the contribution of median fins to C-start performance, it paints an incomplete picture of the complex movements and deformation...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (4): 671–684.
Published: 15 February 2012
...Iman Borazjani; Fotis Sotiropoulos; Eric D. Tytell; George V. Lauder SUMMARY In this work we study the hydrodynamics of a bluegill sunfish performing a C-start maneuver in unprecedented detail using 3-D numerical simulations guided by previous laboratory experiments with live fish. The 3-D fish...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (21): 3359–3369.
Published: 1 November 2008
... to predators. In this paper, we present an experimental hydrodynamic analysis of the C-start escape response in bluegill sunfish ( Lepomis macrochirus ). We used time-resolved digital particle image velocimetry at 1000 frames s –1 (fps)to image flow patterns during the escape response. We analyzed flow...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (2): 196–205.
Published: 15 January 2008
.... C-start of a zebrafish larva (age 5 d.p.f., body length L =4.2 mm). Swimming kinematics. (A) During the preparatory stroke the body, represented by its midlines, adopts a C shape. Silhouettes (left, time step 10 ms) and midlines (right, time step 1 ms) of a fish larva. Black arrow, path...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (2): 311–324.
Published: 15 January 2007
... of the predictive starts do not compromise their performance. On the contrary, archer fish predictive starts are among the fastest C-starts known so far among teleost fish, with peak linear speed beyond 20 body lengths s -1 , angular speed over 4500 deg. s -1 , maximum linear acceleration of up to 12 times...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2003) 206 (17): 3015–3029.
Published: 1 September 2003
..., we provide a quantitative analysis of the recovery of C-starts that occur in adult goldfish after spinal cord injury. In addition, we include a qualitative analysis of the return of targeted feeding and equilibrium. Whole spinal cord crushes near the junction of the brain and spinal cord...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (14): 2005–2016.
Published: 15 July 2002
...Melina E. Hale SUMMARY The startle response is a model system for examining the neural basis of behavior because of its relatively simple neural circuit organization and kinematic pattern. In fishes, the two primary types of startle behavior differ in their initial movements. In the C-start type...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2002) 205 (6): 841–849.
Published: 15 March 2002
... on escape kinematics were analyzed statistically using analysis of covariance. Our results show that both larval and adult E. bislineata use a two-stage escape response (similar to the C-starts of fishes) that consists of a preparatory (stage 1) and a propulsive (stage 2) stroke. The duration of both...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1991) 156 (1): 187–205.
Published: 1 March 1991
... (0.065±0.0063 L , where L is body length; mean±2 S.E.) is lower than that previously reported for any fish. 13 11 1990 © 1991 by Company of Biologists 1991 angelfish C-start kinematics manoeuvrability performance Pterophyllum eimekei J. exp. Biol. 156, 187-205 (1991) 187...