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Keywords: Biomechanics
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (9): jeb233965.
Published: 04 May 2021
... activation Isometric force Biomechanics Calcium transport Humans often expend energy to perform movement tasks where muscles are only intermittently or cyclically active. Two notable contributions to the metabolic cost of such tasks are for the mechanical work performed by muscle fascicles...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol jeb.242258.
Published: 30 April 2021
... terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed. Locomotion Gait asymmetry Energy cost Biomechanics Walking...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (6): jeb232850.
Published: 18 March 2021
... assess runners holistically as spring–mass systems with fewer measurement sources or anthropometric assumptions. Furthermore, its utility as statistical framework lends itself to more complex mixed-effects modeling to explore research questions in running. Some biomechanical properties are unobservable...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (2): jeb228718.
Published: 21 January 2021
...: Analysis of adhesion and detatchment in four species of Hawaiian gobies across substrates differing in roughness and wettability reveals varying climbing abilities and higher shear pull-off forces on rough substrates. Biomechanics Locomotion Roughness Wettability Goby Adhesion Attachment...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (23): jeb216119.
Published: 04 December 2020
... ) and female wallabies that can hop with their young in their pouch ( Baudinette and Biewener, 1998 ). Thus, carrying loads can be expensive or cheap, but this will depend on its anatomical location. Arm swing Metabolic cost Energetics Locomotion Biomechanics Summary: In humans...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (20): jeb232702.
Published: 29 October 2020
... can perform locomotion on solid substrates in an aquatic environment. To address the biomechanics of locomotion on rigid substrates, we studied the ‘somersaulting’ locomotion in Hydra . We applied atomic force microscopy to measure the local mechanical properties of Hydra 's body column and identified...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (18): jeb223784.
Published: 28 September 2020
... generated by adhesion and not by mechanical interlocking with host hairs. Insect Attachment Adhesion Surfaces Parasitism Biomechanics Insects have evolved a number of adhesive structures on their tarsi to anchor themselves to different surfaces. In general, there are two different types...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (17): jeb226514.
Published: 11 September 2020
... (e.g. Gorb et al., 2007 ; Voigt et al., 2012 ). We thank Chuchu Li and Dennis Petersen (Department of Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Kiel University, Germany) for fruitful discussions and Femke Vogel (same affiliation) for assistance with force measurements. Furthermore, we thank...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (12): jeb207472.
Published: 26 June 2020
.... ( 2001 ). In vivo biomechanical behavior of the human heel pad during the stance phase of gait . J. Biomech.   34 , 1661 - 1665 . 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00143-9 Griffin , T. M. , Roberts , T. J. and Kram , R. ( 2003 ). Metabolic cost of generating muscular force in human walking...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (11): jeb220541.
Published: 11 June 2020
... biomechanical properties of bee vibrations vary across multiple behaviours within a species. In this study, we compared the properties of vibrations produced by Bombus terrestris audax (Hymenoptera: Apidae) workers in three contexts: during flight, during defensive buzzing, and in floral vibrations produced...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (10): jeb210054.
Published: 18 May 2020
... among muscular, inertial, gravitational and contact forces dictating limb kinematics and jump performance. We propose that in vitro -VR can be used to illustrate how neuromuscular control and musculoskeletal anatomy influence muscle dynamics and biomechanical performance. * Author for...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (7): jeb211904.
Published: 01 April 2020
... properties. The Antarctic minke whale specimens were scanned via CT imaging and dissected but not sampled for biomechanical testing. CT scans were conducted with a Siemens SOMATOM Spirit scanner (Munich, Germany) and analyzed with 3D medical imaging software (OsiriX MD 11.0 DICOM Viewer, Pixmeo, Geneva...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (5): jeb103564.
Published: 28 February 2020
..., including those at microscopic scales. In recent years, the study of biomechanics has helped disentangle the roles of control and mechanics during locomotion in natural environments. During animal locomotion, coupled nervous, muscular and mechanical systems produce movements that generate reaction forces...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (4): jeb208678.
Published: 25 February 2020
... hypothesis predicts that strikes in air (not slowed down by viscous water drag) will be faster than those in water. Unexpectedly, the exact opposite was observed. Biomechanics Energy Kinematics Power amplification Stomatopod Highlighted Article: Despite the forces of viscous drag...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (3): jeb213389.
Published: 07 February 2020
....   113 , 61 - 78 . 10.1002/1096-8644(200009)113:1<61::AID-AJPA6>3.0.CO;2-H Biomechanics Life-history traits Morphology Musculoskeletal system Sexual selection Summary: Male house mice demonstrating high competitive ability possess several musculoskeletal traits hypothesized to...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (3): jeb205690.
Published: 03 February 2020
... variability in load-carrying performance in different-sized individuals in the polymorphic ant species Messor barbarus . Biomechanics Kinematics Locomotion Load transport Ants Allometry The locomotion of animals can be described as a succession of strides that follows a specific inter-leg...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2020) 223 (2): jeb211227.
Published: 14 January 2020
... gliding joint in squid, preventing the joint surfaces from being disarticulated yet allowing sliding motions with minimal resistance. Adhesion Biomechanics Invertebrate Attachment mechanism Squid In contrast to the moveable joints of vertebrates ( Standring, 2008 ), arthropods...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (24): jeb212787.
Published: 19 December 2019
... and reduce their body centre of mass excursions to maintain stability. Biomechanics Locomotion Gait stability Balance strategies Perturbations During walking, humans can maintain stability by overcoming various perturbations and environmental disturbances without falling. Gait...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (24): jeb212688.
Published: 12 December 2019
... turtle pectoral girdle rotates more than the pelvis. While pelvic girdle rotations are larger on land, the pectoral girdle rotates similarly during swimming and walking. Biomechanics Morphology Locomotion X-ray reconstruction of moving morphology The evolution of robust limb girdles is...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (23): jeb213553.
Published: 05 December 2019
...Alexis Moore Crisp; Clinton J. Barnes; David V. Lee ABSTRACT Subterranean digging behaviors provide opportunities for protection, access to prey, and predator avoidance for a diverse array of vertebrates, yet studies of the biomechanics of burrowing have been limited by the technical challenges of...
Includes: Supplementary data