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Keywords: Antarctica
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2022) 225 (6): jeb242773.
Published: 23 March 2022
...Linnea E. Pearson; Emma L. Weitzner; Lars Tomanek; Heather E. M. Liwanag ABSTRACT Allocation of energy to thermoregulation greatly contributes to the metabolic cost of endothermy, especially in extreme ambient conditions. Weddell seal ( Leptonychotes weddellii ) pups born in Antarctica must survive...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2021) 224 (1): jeb230219.
Published: 11 January 2021
... that air flow between the air sacs and through the lungs maintains gas exchange during dives as well as on the surface. Antarctica Anterior air sacs Avian lung Aptenodytes forsteri Parabronchus Partial pressure of oxygen Posterior air sacs Many marine endotherms are able to perform...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2019) 222 (15): jeb206011.
Published: 7 August 2019
... to cope with cold snaps and diurnal temperature fluctuations. RCH has a well-established role in extending lower lethal limits, but its ability to prevent sublethal cold injury has received less attention. The Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica , is Antarctica's only endemic insect and has a well-studied...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2018) 221 (4): jeb160622.
Published: 20 February 2018
...Ilaria Giovannini; Tiziana Altiero; Roberto Guidetti; Lorena Rebecchi ABSTRACT Because conditions in continental Antarctica are highly selective and extremely hostile to life, its biota is depauperate, but well adapted to live in this region. Global climate change has the potential to impact...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2016) 219 (8): 1203–1213.
Published: 15 April 2016
..., Antarctica, to elevated partial pressure of carbon dioxide ( P CO 2 ) [420 (ambient), 650 (moderate) and 1050 (high) μatm P CO 2 ] over a 1 month period. We examined cardiorespiratory physiology, including heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output and ventilation rate, whole organism metabolism via oxygen...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (15): 2373–2381.
Published: 1 August 2015
... exposed to a temperature increase of 2°C show an 84% reduction in growth, in contrast to a complete temperature compensation of routine metabolism. Antarctica Climate change Teleost Energy budget Growth Production Thermal tolerance Mortality of 33% at 2 and 4°C in a controlled...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2014) 217 (1): 84–93.
Published: 1 January 2014
...Nicholas M. Teets; David L. Denlinger; Shireen A. Davies; Julian A. T. Dow; Ken Lukowiak Abiotic stress is one of the primary constraints limiting the range and success of arthropods, and nowhere is this more apparent than Antarctica. Antarctic arthropods have evolved a suite of adaptations to cope...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2012) 215 (19): 3370–3378.
Published: 1 October 2012
... and mitochondrial ultrastructure of Clione antarctica from the Southern Ocean (−1.8°C) and populations of a sister species, Clione limacina , from the Arctic (−0.5 to 3°C) and from the North Atlantic (10°C). We also measured oxygen consumption and the activity of the mitochondrial enzyme citrate synthase (CS...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2011) 214 (13): 2164–2174.
Published: 1 July 2011
... to be a common mechanism driving cold adaptation in the Na + /K + -ATPase. * Authors for correspondence ( rosenthal.joshua@gmail.com , holmgren@ninds.nih.gov ) 22 3 2011 © 2011. 2011 Antarctica ion channels ion transporters Na + /K + -ATPase octopus temperature adaptation...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2010) 213 (11): 1967–1975.
Published: 1 June 2010
... the biological effects of UV-B, in situ experiments were conducted at Cape Armitage in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica (77.06°S, 164.42°E) on the common Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri Meissner (Echinoidea) over two consecutive 4-day periods in the spring of 2008 (26–30 October and 1–5 November...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2009) 212 (17): 2864–2871.
Published: 1 September 2009
...Michael A. Elnitsky; Joshua B. Benoit; Giancarlo Lopez-Martinez; David L. Denlinger; Richard E. Lee, Jr SUMMARY Summer storms along the Antarctic Peninsula can cause microhabitats of the terrestrial midge Belgica antarctica to become periodically inundated with seawater from tidal spray...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2008) 211 (5): 798–804.
Published: 1 March 2008
...-mail: art.woods@mso.umt.edu ) 8 1 2008 © The Company of Biologists Limited 2008 2008 Antarctica Southern Ocean McMurdo Sound oxygen diffusion egg mass nudibranch marine temperature global warming size polar gigantism Tritonia Temperature has strong effects...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2007) 210 (17): 3068–3074.
Published: 1 September 2007
...Craig E. Franklin; William Davison; Frank Seebacher SUMMARY Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki in McMurdo Sound,Antarctica, inhabit one of the coldest and most thermally stable of all environments. Sea temperatures under the sea ice in this region remain a fairly constant –1.86°C year round...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2006) 209 (24): 5017–5028.
Published: 15 December 2006
... species Sterechinus neumayeri (Antarctica), Evechinus chloroticus (New Zealand) and Diadema setosum (Tropical Australia) spanning a latitudinal gradient from polar (77.86°S) to tropical (19.25°S) environments. We compared rates of photoreactivation as a function of ambient and experimental temperature...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2004) 207 (21): 3649–3656.
Published: 1 October 2004
... bernacchii Notothenioid Antarctica The endemic Antarctic fishes, confined by the establishment of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, have evolved under near-freezing water temperatures for between 14 and 25 million years( Eastman, 1993 ). During this period, these fishes have acquired a truly cold...
Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (1988) 134 (1): 61–77.
Published: 1 January 1988
... may have a gravity sense that could help them orient in darkness. 6 8 1987 © 1988 by Company of Biologists 1988 krill photophore Antarctica Euphausia light-following J. exp. Biol. 134, 61-77 (1988) 6 1 Printed in Great Britain © The Company of Biologists Limited 1988 EYE...