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Keywords: Animal pain
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Journal Articles
J Exp Biol (2015) 218 (7): 967–976.
Published: 1 April 2015
... for the evolution of pain. Animal pain Crustaceans Experimental ethics Fish Molluscs Neurobiology Nociceptors The ability to detect dangerous, damaging stimuli is adaptive in terms of survival, and thus the evolution of an early warning system in animals seems intuitive. Indeed, the nociceptive...