1. 1.

    The acid-base status of the blood of the toad Bufo viridis was studied during adaptation to high salinity and in tap water containing amiloride.

  2. 2.

    Both salt adaptation and immersion for 2-3 days in 5 x10−4 M amiloride in tap water resulted in a decrease in blood pH (from 7.720 ± 0.026 in tap water to 7.456±0.051 in 500 mOsm NaCl-adapted toads; mean ± S.E.), and a simultaneous decrease in the concentration of HCO3- (from 17.8 ±1.4 in tap water to 9.5±1.2 in salt-adapted toads).

  3. 3.

    In vitro determination of Na+/H+ exchange across the skin showed a 1:1 relation in skins from tap-water-adapted toads; this exchange was inhibited by amiloride. H+ secretion was abolished in skins from salt-adapted toads and the uptake of sodium was reduced.

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