1. An electrolytic method was used to plot the oxygen dissociation curves of whole blood from both the larva and adult of the lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis at a temperature of 10 degrees C and over a pH range of 6-5-8-1. 2. Larval blood has a far higher affinity for oxygen than that of adults, the respective calculated P50's at a pH of 7–75 being 1-9 and 10-7 mmHg. 3. The high affinity of larval blood is of use to a relatively sedentary animal living in burrows, and the increased oxygen delivery pressure brought about by the shift of the curve to the right in the adult is of advantage to an animal exhibiting greater activity. 4. The n value obtained from the Hill plots increased with increasing saturation and were lower in larvae than adults at the same level of blood saturation. 5. The Bohr effect in larvae at 10 degrees C over the pH range 6-5-8-1 was --0-25, a value which did not differ significantly from the −0-22 found in adults.

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