The rate of secretion of the Malpighian tubules of Glossina austeni is controlled by a diuretic hormone. This hormone is present in the nervous tissue of the fly together with a degradative enzyme that can be activated by boiling. It is demonstrated that the Malpighian tubules are able to destroy the diuretic hormone; they may therefore participate in the control of diuresis. The diuretic hormone appears to be a heat-stable, non-dialysable, alcohol-soluble molecule, containing amino acid, glucose and sialic acid residues.

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