A concentrative uptake mechanism for L-glutamate with the following characteristics has been identified in the abdominal nerve cord: 1. The uptake can be divided into Na+-sensitive and Na-plus-insensitive components. 2. The Na-plus-sensitive component showed the typical saturation kinetics of a carrier mediate process. It had a V of 15.9 x 10(6) times 10(6) muM/mg wet weight/min and a Km of 0-33 mm. Its magnitude was proportional to the first power of the Na-plus concentration of the medium. The uptake was specific for L-dicarboxylic amino acids and was sensitive to the presence of metabolic inhibitors. 3. The Na-plus-insensitive component was linearly related to the glutamate concentration of the medium. An isosmotic saline is described for use with the isolated intact abdominal nerve cord of P. americana.
The uptake of L-glutamate by the central nervous system of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana
PD Evans; The uptake of L-glutamate by the central nervous system of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana. J Exp Biol 1 February 1975; 62 (1): 55–67. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.62.1.55
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New funding schemes for junior faculty staff
In celebration of our 100th anniversary, JEB has launched two new grants to support junior faculty staff working in animal comparative physiology and biomechanics who are within five years of setting up their first lab/research group. Check out our ECR Visiting Fellowships and Research Partnership Kickstart Travel Grants. First deadline for applications is 15 July 2023.
JEB@100: an interview with Monitoring Editor Sanjay Sane
Sanjay Sane tells us about his first experience of publishing with the journal and why he thinks JEB is going to play a key role in our understanding of the current climate crisis and its implications for biodiversity.
The Forest of Biologists
The Forest of Biologists is a biodiversity initiative created by The Company of Biologists, with support from the Woodland Trust. For every Research and Review article published in Journal of Experimental Biology a native tree is planted in a UK forest. In addition to this we are protecting and restoring ancient woodland and are dedicating these trees to our peer reviewers. Visit our virtual forest to learn more.
Celebrating 100 years of discovery
This Special Issue focuses on broad biological questions addressed through the lens of comparative biomechanics. Crosscutting through time, this series of Reviews, Commentaries and Research Articles addresses questions from the vantage points of the history of the field, today’s research, and the future of comparative biomechanics. Read the Editorial by Sheila Patek, Monica Daley and Sanjay Sane.
Centenary Review - Adaptive echolocation behavior
Cynthia F. Moss and colleagues Review the behaviours used by echolocating mammals to track and intercept moving prey, interrogate dynamic sonar scenes, and exploit visual and passive acoustic stimuli.
Crucial DNA at crux of insect wing size evolution
Keity Farfán-Pira and colleagues have revealed that a tiny region of regulatory DNA in the vestigial gene governs whether insect wings are large or small and has played a key role in the evolution of insect wing size.