1. Octopuses with the whole supraoesophageal lobe divided in the mid-line show a lesser preference for smooth objects than normals.

2. Learning of a simple successive tactile discrimination can proceed as fast in such a half-brain as in a whole brain.

3. Animals in which the anterior part of the supraoesophageal lobe alone was split also learned approximately as fast as normals. When tested on the untrained side they showed at most slight signs of ‘transfer’. The unsplit vertical lobe system apparently mediates little transfer, either of learning to take or not to take an object.

4. Animals with the posterior part of the supraoesophageal lobe alone split learned less well than normals or those with anterior splits, the deficit being due to the large number of takes of the negative object. Tests on the untrained side showed that good transfer of the capacity for positive and negative learned response occurred through the intact inferior frontal commissures.

5. Animals without the median inferior frontal lobe showed a marked preference for rough objects. Of six trained with smooth positive only two showed increasingly correct discrimination. Four out of seven animals trained with rough positive showed an increasingly correct performance as a result of training. The performance of the others got worse as training proceeded. It is not clear whether this learning deficit is due to the excessive rough preference or to the absence of some part of the learning mechanism owing to removal of the median inferior frontal lobe.

6. Tests on the untrained side of animals without median inferior frontal show no capacity to discriminate. This shows that the median inferior frontal is vital to lateral transfer and confirms that learning cannot readily be transferred through the vertical lobe system.

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