The main phototransduction cascade in invertebrate visual cells involves the turnover of phosphatidylinositol, an important biochemical mechanism common to many signal-transduction systems. Light-activated rhodopsin stimulates guanine nucleotide exchange on the Gq class of G-protein, which activates phospholipase C to hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol. Subsequently, inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-binding proteins continue the signal cascade. Here, we report on the first inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-binding proteins demonstrated in an invertebrate visual system with our investigation of the photosensitive rhabdoms of squid. We screened the ability of proteins to interact with inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate by affinity column chromatography with an inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate analogue. We detected an inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-binding affinity in phospholipase C, receptor kinase and five other proteins in the cytosolic fraction and, surprisingly, rhodopsin in the membrane fraction. A binding assay with (3)H-labelled inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate demonstrated the inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate affinity of each of the purified proteins. Since rhodopsin, receptor kinase and phospholipase C are involved upstream of phosphatidylinositol turnover in the signal cascade, our result suggests that phosphatidylinositol turnover is important in feedback pathways in the signalling system.

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