The effects of catecholamines (dopamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline and its derivatives), 5-hydroxytryptamine and purines (adenosine, ATP and their derivatives) on the acetylcholine-induced luminescence of isolated arms and dissociated photocytes of the luminescent ophiuroid Amphipholis squamata were tested. The results showed that catecholamines and 5-hydroxytryptamine (10(−)(5) to 10(−)(3)mol l(−)(1)) had a strong dose-dependent inhibitory effect on acetylcholine-induced luminescence. In contrast, purines (10(−)(4) and 10(−)(3)mol l(−)(1)) triggered luminescence in the absence of acetylcholine and/or potentiated acetylcholine-induced luminescence. The results with specific purinergic agonists and antagonists indicated the involvement of P(1)- and P(2)-like purinoceptors in the control of luminescence. Our study suggests that, in addition to the previously described cholinergic system in Amphipholis squamata, there may be a purinergic system, acting in synergy with acetylcholine, and an inhibitory neuromodulatory catecholaminergic system, all associated with the control of luminescence.
Effects of catecholamines and purines on luminescence in the brittlestar Amphipholis squamata (Echinodermata)
N. De Bremaeker, F. Baguet, J. Mallefet; Effects of catecholamines and purines on luminescence in the brittlestar Amphipholis squamata (Echinodermata). J Exp Biol 1 July 2000; 203 (13): 2015–2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.203.13.2015
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New funding schemes for junior faculty staff
In celebration of our 100th anniversary, JEB has launched two new grants to support junior faculty staff working in animal comparative physiology and biomechanics who are within five years of setting up their first lab/research group. Check out our ECR Visiting Fellowships and Research Partnership Kickstart Travel Grants. First deadline for applications is 15 July 2023.
JEB@100: an interview with Monitoring Editor Sanjay Sane
Sanjay Sane tells us about his first experience of publishing with the journal and why he thinks JEB is going to play a key role in our understanding of the current climate crisis and its implications for biodiversity.
The Forest of Biologists
The Forest of Biologists is a biodiversity initiative created by The Company of Biologists, with support from the Woodland Trust. For every Research and Review article published in Journal of Experimental Biology a native tree is planted in a UK forest. In addition to this we are protecting and restoring ancient woodland and are dedicating these trees to our peer reviewers. Visit our virtual forest to learn more.
Celebrating 100 years of discovery
This Special Issue focuses on broad biological questions addressed through the lens of comparative biomechanics. Crosscutting through time, this series of Reviews, Commentaries and Research Articles addresses questions from the vantage points of the history of the field, today’s research, and the future of comparative biomechanics. Read the Editorial by Sheila Patek, Monica Daley and Sanjay Sane.
Centenary Review - Adaptive echolocation behavior
Cynthia F. Moss and colleagues Review the behaviours used by echolocating mammals to track and intercept moving prey, interrogate dynamic sonar scenes, and exploit visual and passive acoustic stimuli.
Lack of oxygen curtails vision in red-eared sliders
When red-eared sliders sink to the bottom of a frozen pond for winter they reduce many biological systems to minimum life support, but now Michael Ariel and colleagues show that the reptiles temporarily lose their sight due to lack of oxygen but retain hearing.