The uptake and metabolism of glucose were assessed in enterocytes isolated from black bullhead Ictalurus melas. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of diet and hormone treatment on glucose transport and metabolism, so the enterocyte was the most appropriate preparation. Glucose transport was estimated using specific inhibitors:glucose uptake measured in the presence of phlorizin presumably represents transport at the basolateral membrane, whereas glucose uptake in the presence of cytochalasin B presumably represents transport at the brush border. Feeding bullheads a standard diet resulted in maximum enterocyte rates of glucose uptake of 438.2+/-35.5 nmol mg-1 cells h-1 for transport in the presence of cytochalasin B and 427.0+/-49.7 nmol mg-1 cells h-1(means +/- s.e.m., N=12) for transport in the presence of phlorizin. These values represent 50 % of the total 3-O-methylglucose transported. The rate of transport in the presence of cytochalasin B was increased in bullheads fed a high-carbohydrate diet. Incubating bullhead enterocytes with glucagon or glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP) at 10(-8 )mol l-1 and with dexamethasone or isoproterenol at 10(-6 )mol l-1 significantly increased the rate of brush-border transport, but not the apparent affinity constant (Kt). Activation was dependent on hormone concentration. In contrast, insulin was without effect on transport rates, nor did it counteract activation by glucagon-family peptides. CO2 production rates from d-[14C]glucose indicated that glucose metabolism was not limited by transport rates in the enterocytes. Glucagon and GLP decreased maximal oxidation rates, whereas dexamethasone, isoproterenol and insulin did not alter these rates. The activities of enterocyte hexokinase exceeded the rate of glucose oxidation but not the rate of transport of glucose, at least at maximum activities,implicating this enzyme as one component of the strategy to ensure that glucose is maximally available to the blood of this species.

This content is only available via PDF.