The present study shows that the capacity of trout (Salmo trutta) red blood cells (RBCs) and freshly isolated hepatocytes to take up short-chain neutral amino acids changes according to a seasonal pattern. Maximal amino acid uptake rates in RBCs were obtained in winter and spring, while minima were seen in summer and autumn. In contrast, the maximal rates for the freshly isolated hepatocytes were obtained in autumn and winter, and the minima were seen in spring and summer. In addition, by studying the uptake of glycine, evidence was found that the activities of the amino acids carriers ASC, asc and Gly in RBCs varied according to a seasonal rhythm. The activity of the ASC and asc systems changed in parallel with the global uptake of amino acids. Moreover, the RBC:plasma concentration ratio for certain substrates of these carriers (alanine, serine and glycine) varied accordingly. In contrast, the activity of the Gly system was modified inversely with respect to the overall amino acid uptake. The activity of the ASC system in freshly isolated hepatocytes was also seasonally modified, reaching a maximum in autumn, shortly before the reproductive period.

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