In a series of behavioural studies we found that bees use depth information extracted from self-induced image motion in several visual tasks involving pin-pointing the goal. Some of the results are reviewed here in an attempt to emphasise the active nature of this performance. They show that bees acquire depth information during free flight by employing two different strategies. One is to adapt flight behaviour, upon arrival at the food source, to the requirements of the task, a performance that is based on a learning process. The other is based on a stereotyped, innate flight pattern performed upon departure from the food source. The latter has probably evolved specifically for the acquisition of depth information.

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