The effects of hypercapnia (1% CO2), and the independent effects of changes in extracellular pH (pHe), PCO2 and [HCO3-] on intracellular pH (measured by the DMO method) and lactate metabolism (measured by utilization of 14C-labelled lactate), were examined in rainbow trout hepatocytes in vitro. Simulated uncompensated hypercapnia (high PCO2, low pHe, moderately increased [HCO3-] led to a substantial depression in the production of CO2 (44%) and glucose (51%) from lactate. In simulated compensated hypercapnia (high PCO2, normal pHe, high [HCO3-], metabolism was still significantly inhibited (18–33%). Subsequent multifactorial design experiments determined that variations in PCO2, pH and [HCO3-] independently affected metabolism; increased PCO2 and decreased pH inhibited metabolism, but increased [HCO3-] stimulated metabolism. These results are interpreted in terms of the effects of acid-base variables on enzymatic and transport pathways, and the possible causes of decreased hepatic glycogen stores during in vivo hypercapnia are discussed.
Effects of acid-base variables on in vitro hepatic metabolism in rainbow trout
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P. J. Walsh, T. P. Mommsen, T. W. Moon, S. F. Perry; Effects of acid-base variables on in vitro hepatic metabolism in rainbow trout. J Exp Biol 1 March 1988; 135 (1): 231–241. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.135.1.231
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