Below about 50 kHz the level of ambient noise in the sea increases continuously towards lower frequencies. In the infrasound range the spectral slope is particularly steep. This low-frequency noise may propagate long distances with little attenuation, causing a directional pattern of infrasound in the sea. Using a standing-wave acoustic tube, we have studied the sensitivity of cod to infrasound down to 0.1 Hz by means of the cardiac conditioning technique. The threshold values, measured as particle acceleration, showed a steady decline towards lower frequencies below 10 Hz, reaching a value close to 10(−5)ms-2 at 0.1 Hz. The spectrum level at 0.1 Hz in the sea ranges between 120 and 180 dB (re 1 microPa), with corresponding particle accelerations from less than 10(−6) to more than 10(−4)ms-2. The sensitivity of cod is thus sufficient to detect the highest levels of ambient infrasound, and we put forward the hypothesis that fish may utilize information about the infrasound pattern in the sea for orientation during migration, probably in addition to an array of other sensory inputs.
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JOURNAL ARTICLE| 01 September 1986
Detection of infrasound by the Atlantic cod
H. E. Karlsen
Online Issn: 1477-9145
Print Issn: 0022-0949
© 1986 by Company of Biologists
J Exp Biol (1986) 125 (1): 197–204.
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O. Sand, H. E. Karlsen; Detection of infrasound by the Atlantic cod. J Exp Biol 1 September 1986; 125 (1): 197–204. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.125.1.197
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