Single glomerulus filtration rate in Eptatretus stouti averaged 20.3+/−2.13 (S.E.M.) nl min(−1). Single glomerulus glomerular filtration rate (GFR) could be correlated with arterial pressure when arterial pressure exceeded about 4 cm H2O. Glomerular filtration was affected by postglomerular resistance brought about by alteration of the volume of urinary spaces. Filtration undoubtedly plays a role in glomerulus function. However, average colloid osmotic pressure (COP) of the plasma is almost double the average hydrostatic pressure in the segmental arteries serving the glomeruli. The COP of glomerular fluid is essentially nil, therefore it is difficult to see how pressure filtration alone can account for primary urine formation. When single glomeruli were perfused with colloid-containing Ringer at pressures within the normal range of blood pressures, GFR was within the normal range. GFR was related inversely to the colloid osmotic pressure of the perfusion Ringer. Colloid entered the urine during perfusion. However, in only a few instances did this result in conditions favourable to pressure filtration. To assess the role of active processes in glomerular filtration, chemical inhibitors were added to the perfusion Ringer. Amiloride, acetazolamide, cyanide, 2-deoxy-D-glucose, iodoacetate and ethacrynic acid were without marked effect on glomerular filtration. Ouabain and dinitrophenol markedly reduced GFR; inhibition was probably not due to indirect effects upon the renal vasculature.

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