The three otolithic endorgans of the inner ear are known to be involved in sound detection in different teleost fishes, yet their relative roles for auditory–vestibular functions within the same species remain uncertain. In zebrafish (Danio rerio), the saccule and utricle are thought to play key functions in encoding auditory and vestibular information, respectively, but the biological function of the lagena is not clear. We hypothesized that the zebrafish saccule serves as a primary auditory endorgan, making it more vulnerable to noise exposure, and that the lagena might have an auditory function given its connectivity to the saccule and the dominant vestibular function of the utricle. We compared the impact of acoustic trauma (continuous white noise at 168 dB for 24 h) between the sensory epithelia of the three otolithic endorgans. Noise treatment caused hair cell loss in both the saccule and lagena but not in the utricle. This effect was identified immediately after acoustic treatment and did not increase 24 h post-trauma. Furthermore, hair cell loss was accompanied by a reduction in presynaptic activity measured based on ribeye b presence, but mainly in the saccule, supporting its main contribution for noise-induced hearing loss. Our findings support the hypothesis that the saccule plays a major role in sound detection and that the lagena is also acoustically affected, extending the species hearing dynamic range.

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