Hepatocytes from rat liver were prepared by perfusion with collagenase, and rough and smooth microsomes and mitochondria were prepared after cell disruption. By applying 1000 lb/in2 (1 lb/in2 = 6.9 kPa) in a nitrogen bomb followed by decompression, 75% of the cells were disrupted after four consecutive treatments. Intact mitochondria, and rough and smooth microsomes with little contamination were prepared from the homogenate. A more rapid disruption was attained by a short sonication with a low output, thus increasing the efficiency of homogenization. The microsomal subfractions prepared from this homogenate were comparable to those obtained after decompression. Sonication resulted in smooth microsomes, which exhibited a higher contamination with non-microsomal membranes. These, however, were partly removed by additional centrifugation with a discontinuous sucrose gradient containing divalent cations.