IN THIS ISSUE
CELL SCIENCE AT A GLANCE
Summary: Targeting and translocation into the ER are mediated by multiple pathways, which together enable the correct localization of about 30% of any eukaryotic proteome.
Summary: We review the molecular events that occur during EGFR activation, its trafficking through the endosomal system and its subsequent downregulation.
Dynamic changes in the interchromosomal interaction of early histone gene loci during development of sea urchin
Highlighted Article: During the morula stage in sea urchin embryos, early histone gene loci undergo interchromosomal interactions that are dependent on the active transcriptional status.
Functional analyses of the CIF1–CIF2 complex in trypanosomes identify the structural motifs required for cytokinesis
Summary: The trypanosome CIF1 zinc-finger motifs are essential for CIF1–CIF2 complex assembly, and along with the coiled-coil motifs in CIF1 are required for initiation of cytokinesis.
Highlighted Article: Neurons are enriched in post-translationally modified microtubules. Targeted mutagenesis of endogenous α-tubulin in flies reveals that dendrite branch refinement is altered by acetylation-blocking mutations.
Giantin-knockout models reveal a feedback loop between Golgi function and glycosyltransferase expression
Summary: Knockout of giantin in a genome-engineered cell line and zebrafish models reveals the capacity of the Golgi to control its own biochemistry through changes in gene expression.
Summary: The RNA-binding protein Zfs1 regulates accumulation of the G1 cyclin Puc1, a process that is modulated by phosphorylation. This regulatory mechanism has an important impact on cell differentiation.
CREB3L1-mediated functional and structural adaptation of the secretory pathway in hormone-stimulated thyroid cells
Summary: CREB3L1 has a role during the adaptation of the secretory pathway in response to high secretory demand in thyroid cells, a process with direct impact on thyroid physiology.
RhoC regulates the actin remodeling required for phagosome formation during FcγR-mediated phagocytosis
Summary: RhoC accumulates at phagocytic cups and modulates an mDia1-dependent remodeling of cortical F-actin that is required for FcγR-mediated phagocytosis in macrophages.
Quantitative analysis of multilayer organization of proteins and RNA in nuclear speckles at super resolution
Summary: Multi-color structured illumination microscopy imaging studies reveal a multilayer organization of nuclear speckles due to the interplay between favorable sequence-encoded intermolecular interactions of speckle-resident proteins and RNAs.
TOOLS AND RESOURCES
In situ imaging of mitochondrial translation shows weak correlation with nucleoid DNA intensity and no suppression during mitosis
Highlighted Article: Imaging de novo mitochondrial protein synthesis with a novel fluorescence method shows the translational output throughout the cell and reveals a low correlation with mitochondrion genome copy number.
ImaEdge – a platform for quantitative analysis of the spatiotemporal dynamics of cortical proteins during cell polarization
Summary: An open-source software package, ImaEdge, automates the segmentation of the cell cortex from time-lapse movies, and enables quantitative extraction of cortical protein dynamics in cells undergoing polarization.
Summary: Blue light-induced chromatin recruitment (BLInCR) enables rapid and reversible targeting of effector proteins to nuclear loci with high temporal resolution for analyzing transcription activation.