1. The resting nuclei of Cucurbita pepo and Cucurbita maxima contain a single, spherical nucleolus that is relatively very large. Part, at least, of this nucleolus persists during nearly the entire process of mitosis. During the metaphase it lies in the equatorial plate and becomes elongated in the direction of the long axis of the spindle, to form first a cylinder and then, with further elongation, a dumb-bell-shaped structure, which finally separates into two fragments that migrate to the opposite poles of the spindle. This entire movement occurs prior to any anaphase migration of the chromosomes. The nucleolar fragments apparently are not included in the daughter nuclei during the telophasic reconstruction, but degenerate in the cytoplasm.
2. Examination of the literature suggests that a similar process of nucleolar division probably occurs in a wide variety of plant-cells.
3. The bearing of this type of nucleolar division on theories of the dynamics of anaphase migration of the chromosomes is briefly discussed.