The development of a sensitive screening procedure for mutants of Tetrahymena thermophila blocked in secretion of lysosomal enzymes is described. By means of this procedure a mutant blocked in secretion of lysosomal enzymes has been isolated. This sec- mutant, MS-1, is constitutively blocked in release of at least six lysosomal enzymes, under both nutrient and non-nutrient conditions. MS-1 possesses, bound within the cell, the same amount of active lysosomal enzymes as the wild type. During starvation in media of low ionic strength MS-1 develops a highly vacuolated phenotype. This phenotype is caused by the sec- allele. It is reversed to a normal cell shape when the mutant is transferred to isotonic medium. The sec- mutant MS-1 contains mucocysts and is capable of inducing exocytosis of these secretory organelles, suggesting that Tetrahymena possesses at least two independent protein-secreting organelles.
Isolation and characterization of a mutant of Tetrahymena thermophila blocked in secretion of lysosomal enzymes
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P. Hunseler, G. Scheidgen-Kleyboldt, A. Tiedtke; Isolation and characterization of a mutant of Tetrahymena thermophila blocked in secretion of lysosomal enzymes. J Cell Sci 1 August 1987; 88 (1): 47–55. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.88.1.47
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