By combining cytophotometry with autoradiography, five stages of macronuclear anlagen can be discriminated by their DNA content until the end of the first cell cycle after conjugation in Tetrahymena. DNA increases from 2C to about 32C. Each S-phase is followed by a non-synthetic period. Comparing the mean nuclear DNA content after and before each S-phase revealed that 16C anlagen contain significantly less DNA than twice the amount of 8C anlagen. This is unlike the situation in other S-phases during which the amount of DNA is precisely doubled. In the second cell cycle after conjugation some of the cells increase their macronuclear G2 DNA content beyond the 64C stage, while the majority show a mean G2 content of about 64C.

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