The him-5 and him-7 mutants (high incidence of males) of Caenorhabditis elegans both showed increased rates of X chromosome non-disjunction (16% and 3%, respectively) but him-7 also had a high frequency of autosomal non-disjunction (34%). Synaptonemal complex (SC) karyotype analysis revealed a haploid chromosome number of six in each strain. Alterations in him-7 nuclear morphology were observed but there were no aberrations in SC structure that could account for the increased frequency of autosomal non-disjunction. However, the frequency of X-chromosome non-disjunction occurred at predicted rates on the basis of the number of disjunction regulator regions (DRRs) present on the SCs. The observation that the levels of X-chromosome non-disjunction were not influenced by the increase in the frequency of autosomal non-disjunction supports the notion that the X chromosome is subject to separate controls during meiosis. The him-7 mutant is nested within the rad-4 map region on linkage group V, however, SC analysis did not reveal the physical position on the chromosome because of synaptic adjustment.

This content is only available via PDF.