Immunological probes and cell-surface biochemical analysis are combined to identify a cell-surface glycoprotein, which appears to be involved in the formation of calcium-dependent adhesions among embryonic chick neural retina cells. Comparison of radioiodinated cells shows that adhesive-competent cells have at their surface two glycoproteins not present on non-adhesive cells. These two components (with Mr 130 × 10(3), pI 4.8 and Mr 70 × 10(3), pI 4.8) are immunoprecipitable with adhesion-blocking antisera. A fraction derived from retina-conditioned medium, containing one major immunoprecipitable component, neutralizes the inhibitory activity of aggregation-inhibiting Fab' fragments and competes in immunoprecipitation for the two glycoprotein components. The evidence suggests that one or both of these components is involved in the formation of calcium-dependent adhesions among embryonic chick neural retina cells.

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