The incorporation of tritiated thymidine, uridine and leucine, into the acid-precipitable material of DNA. RNA and proteins, respectively, was studied by autoradiography throughout the cell cycle of Amoeba proteus. DNA synthesis occupied the first 17 h of the cycle (57 h long) and 2 peaks between 0.5 and 9.13 h accounted for the majority of the thymidine incorporation. RNA synthesis was represented by a series of peak uridine grain counts, the 3 major peaks occurring at 10, 26–27 and 47–48 h. The incorporation of leucine also followed a pattern of peaks and dips, the main peaks occurring 1–2 h after the major increases in uridine incorporation. The fraction of label present over the nucleus decreased during the cell cycle, and this was probably due to a lowered incorporation of the leucine label by proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm and destined to become nuclear proteins. The incorporation patterns of 6 amino acids (arginine, aspartic acid, leucine, lysine, serine and valine) were studied individually during 3 periods of the cell cycle: 0-10 h (S phase); 20–30 h (early G2); and 40–50 h (mid-late G2). Variations in the intensity and timings of the incorporation maxima of the amino acids were observed, although the timings of increased grain counts of some of the amino acids frequently coincided. “Unique” incorporation peaks (i.e. only observed in one of the amino acids studied) possibly indicate the synthesis of phase-specific proteins. The amino acid and nucleoside incorporation profiles presented in this paper will enable the results obtained from future studies on amoebae to be related to the macromolecular synthesis patterns.

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