Tissue cultures of human embryonal kidney and ovary were examined. In the nuclei of both tissues, one to ten nucleoli have been found. The maximum number of nucleoli is connected with the gene expression of rDNA of the 10 nucleolus organizers of chromosome pairs Nos. 13, 14, 15, 21 and 22, which have secondary constrictions and are the satellite chromosomes in man. The small percentage of cells with 10, 9 and 8 nucleoli is attributed to the rapid association of 3 of the homologous acrocentrics (perhaps of group D). Two of the satellite (SAT) pairs probably associate later after mitosis. The process of fusion is dynamic, resulting in one interphase nucleous—a manifestation of the association of all SAT chromosomes. Dissociation of the nucleolus occurs upon entering prophase, due to the condensation of the chromosomes and retreat of rDNA to the respective secondary constrictions. As a result, the nucleolar number increases again. The pattern of the nucleolar kinetics within the course of one mitotic division is described.

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