The effect of amino acid concentration on the initial growth rate of the contact-inhibited mouse fibroblasts 3T3 and its SV40-transformed derivative 3T3T has been studied. In medium in which the serum had been passed through a Sephadex column, and the concentration of amino acids lowered 1000-fold, one acid at a time, the growth rate constants were computed. For most of the 16 amino acids studied, the initial growth rate of 3T3 decreased more profoundly than that of 3T3T. The presence in serum of a factor which stimulates amino acid uptake and growth rate of 3T3T is described.

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