The IL-6 receptor complex is expressed in different polarized epithelial cells such as liver hepatocytes and intestinal cells. It consists of two subunits: gp80, which binds the ligand, and gp130, which is responsible for signal transduction. In stably transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells we have studied the localization of the human IL-6 receptor subunits and found that gp80 and gp130 are predominantly expressed at the basolateral membrane. Analysis of MDCK cells expressing truncated forms of gp80 or gp130 showed that loss of the cytoplasmic domains results in apical delivery. Expression of deletion mutants of gp80 in MDCK cells led to the identification of two discontinous motifs responsible for basolateral sorting: a membrane-proximal tyrosine-based motif (YSLG) and a more membrane-distal dileucine-type motif (LI). Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) only occurred via basolaterally located gp80, suggesting that endogenous gp130 is also constrained to the basolateral plasma membrane. Our identification of a basolateral sorting signal within the cytoplasmic region of gp80 for the first time attributes a function to this domain.
The cytoplasmic domain of the interleukin-6 receptor gp80 mediates its basolateral sorting in polarized madin-darby canine kidney cells
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A.S. Martens, J.G. Bode, P.C. Heinrich, L. Graeve; The cytoplasmic domain of the interleukin-6 receptor gp80 mediates its basolateral sorting in polarized madin-darby canine kidney cells. J Cell Sci 1 January 2000; 113 (20): 3593–3602. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.113.20.3593
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