REFERENCES

Aubin
J. E.
(
1992
).
Perspectives- Osteoclast adhesion and resorption: the role of podosomes.
J. Bone Miner. Res
7
,
365
368
Blair
H. C.
,
Teitelbaum
S. L.
,
Chiselli
R.
,
Gluck
S.
(
1989
).
Osteoclastic bone resorption by a polarized vacuolar proton pump.
Science
245
,
855
857
Chambers
T. J.
,
Fuller
K.
(
1985
).
Bone cells predispose bone surfaces to osteoclastic contact.
J. Cell Sci
76
,
155
166
Crippes
B. A.
,
Engleman
V. W.
,
Settle
S. L.
,
Ornberg
R. L.
,
Helfrich
M. H.
,
Horton
M. A.
,
Nickols
G. A.
(
1994
).
Antibody to3integrin inhibits the calcemic response to PTHrP in the thyroparathyroidectomized rat.
J. Bone Miner. Res
9
,
1
–.
Dustin
M. L.
,
Carpen
O.
,
Springer
T. A.
(
1992
).
Regulation of locomotion and cell-cell contact area by the LFA-1: ICAM-1 adhesion receptor.
J. Immunol
148
,
2654
2663
Fisher
J. E.
,
Caulfield
M. P.
,
Sato
M.
,
Quartuccio
H. A.
,
Gould
R. J.
,
Garsky
V. M.
,
Rodan
G. A.
,
Rosenblatt
M.
(
1993
).
Inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption in vivo by echistatin, an ‘arginylglycyl-aspartyl’ (RGD)-containing protein.
Endocrinology
132
,
1411
1413
Flores
M. E.
,
Norgard
M.
,
Heinegård
D.
,
Reinholt
F. P.
,
Andersson
G.
(
1992
).
RGD-directed attachment of isolated rat osteoclasts to osteopontin, bone sialoprotein and fibronectin.
Exp. Cell Res
201
,
526
530
Helfrich
M. H.
,
Nesbitt
S. A.
,
Dorey
E. L.
,
Horton
M. A.
(
1992
).
Rat osteoclasts adhere to a wide range of RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) peptide-containing proteins, including the bone sialoproteins and fibronectin, via a3integrin,.
J. Bone Miner. Res
7
,
335
343
Hill
P. A.
,
Murphy
G.
,
Docherty
A. J. P.
,
Hembry
R. M.
,
Millican
T. A.
,
Reynolds
J. J.
,
Meikle
M. C.
(
1994
).
The effects of selective inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) on bone resorption and the identification of MMPs and TIMP-1 in isolated osteoclasts.
J. Cell Sci
107
,
3055
3064
Holtrop
M. E.
,
King
G. J.
(
1977
).
The ultrastructure of the osteoclast and its functional implications,.
Clin. Orthop
123
,
177
196
Horton
M. A.
,
Taylor
M. L.
,
Arnett
T. R.
,
Helfrich
M. H.
(
1991
).
Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides and the anti-vitronectin receptor antibody 23C6 inhibit cell spreading and dentine resorption by osteoclasts.
Exp. Cell Res
195
,
368
375
Horton
M. A.
,
Dorey
E. L.
,
Nesbitt
S. A.
,
Samanen
J.
,
Ali
F. E.
,
Stadel
J.M.
,
Nichols
A.
,
Greig
R.
,
Helfrich
M. H.
(
1993
).
Modulation of vitronectin receptor-mediated osteoclast adhesion by Arg-Gly-Asp peptide analogs: a structure-function analysis,.
J. Bone Miner. Res
8
,
239
247
Hultenby
K.
,
Reinholt
F. P.
,
Heinegård
D.
(
1993
).
, Distribution of integrin subunits on rat metaphyseal osteoclasts and osteoblasts.
Eur. J. Cell Biol
62
,
86
93
Kanehisa
J.
,
Yamanaka
T.
,
Doi
S.
,
Turksen
K.
,
Heersche
J. N. M.
,
Aubin
J. E.
,
Takeuchi
H.
(
1990
).
A band of F-actin containing podosomes is involved in bone resorption by osteoclasts.
Bone
11
,
287
293
King
K. L.
,
D'Anza
J. J.
,
Bodary
S.
,
Pitti
R.
,
Siegel
M.
,
Lazarus
R. A.
,
Dennis
M. S.
,
Hammonds
R. G.
Jr.
,
Kukreja
S. C.
(
1994
).
Effects of kistrin on bone resorption in vitro and serum calcium in vivo.
J. Bone Miner. Res
9
,
381
387
Lakkakorpi
P. T.
,
Horton
M. A.
,
Helfrich
M. H.
,
Karhukorpi
E.-K.
,
Väänänen
H. K.
(
1991
).
Vitronectin receptor has a role in bone resorption but does not mediate tight sealing zone attachment of osteoclasts to the bone surface.
J. Cell Biol
115
,
1179
1186
Lakkakorpi
P. T.
,
Helfrich
M. H.
,
Horton
M. A.
,
Väänänen
H. K.
(
1993
).
Spacial organisation of microfilaments and vitronectin receptor, v 3, in osteocasts. A study using confocal laser scanning microscopy.
J. Cell Sci
104
,
663
670
Marchisio
P. C.
,
Cirillo
D.
,
Naldini
L.
,
Primavera
M. V.
,
Teti
A.
,
Zambonin-Zallone
A.
(
1984
).
Cell substratum interaction of cultured avian osteoclasts is mediated by specific adhesion structures.
J. Cell Biol
99
,
1696
1705
Nermut
M. V.
,
Green
N. M.
,
Eason
P.
,
Yamada
S. S.
,
Yamada
K. M.
(
1988
).
Electron microscopy and structural model of human fibronectin receptor.
EMBO J
7
,
4093
4099
Nesbitt
S.
,
Nesbit
A.
,
Helfrich
M.
,
Horton
M.
(
1993
).
Biochemical characterization of human osteoclast integrins,.
J. Biol. Chem
268
,
16737
16745
Opas
M.
,
Kalnins
V. I.
(
1984
).
Surface reflection interference microscopy: a new method for visualizing cytoskeletal components by light microscopy.
J. Microsc
133
,
91
306
Pierce
A. M.
(
1989
).
Attachment to and phagocytosis of mineral by alveolar bone osteoclasts.
J. Submicrosc. Cytol. Pathol
21
,
63
71
Reinholt
F. P.
,
Hultenby
K.
,
Oldberg
A.
,
Heinegård
D.
(
1990
).
Osteopontin- a possible anchor of osteoclasts to bone,.
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA
87
,
4473
4475
Sato
M.
,
Sardana
M. K.
,
Grasser
W. A.
,
Garsky
V. M.
,
Murray
J. M.
,
Gould
R. J.
(
1990
).
Echistatin is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption in culture.
J. Cell Biol
111
,
1713
1723
Staunton
D. E.
,
Dustin
M. L.
,
Erickson
H. P.
,
Springer
T. A.
(
1990
).
The arrangement of the immunoglobulin-like domains of ICAM-1 and the binding sites for LFA-1 and rhinovirus.
Cell
61
,
243
254
Sundquist
K.
,
Lakkakorpi
P.
,
Wallmark
B.
,
Väänänen
K.
(
1990
).
Inhibition of osteoclast proton transport by bafilomycin A1abolishes bone resorption.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun
168
,
309
313
Teti
A.
,
Marchisio
P. C.
,
Zallone
A. Z.
(
1991
).
Clear zone in osteoclast function: role of podosomes in regulation of bone resorbing activity.
Am. J. Physiol
261
,
1
–.
Turksen
K.
,
Kanehisa
J.
,
Opas
M.
,
Heersche
J. N. M.
,
Aubin
J. E.
(
1988
).
Adhesion patterns and cytoskeleton of rabbit osteoclasts on bone slices and glass.
J. Bone Miner. Res
3
,
389
400
Väänänen
H. K.
,
Karhukorpi
E. K.
,
Sundquist
K.
,
Wallmark
B.
,
Roininen
I.
,
Hentunen
T.
,
Tuukkanen
J.
,
Lakkakorpi
P.
(
1990
).
Evidence for the presence of a proton pump of the vacuolar H+-ATPase type in the ruffled borders of osteoclasts.
J. Cell Biol
111
,
1305
1311
Väänänen
H. K.
(
1993
).
Mechanism of bone turnover.
Ann. Med
25
,
353
360
Weisel
J. W.
,
Nagaswami
C.
,
Vilaire
G.
,
Bennett
J. S.
,
Phillips
D. R.
(
1992
).
Examination of the platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex and its interaction with fibrinogen and other ligands by electron microscopy.
J. Biol. Chem
267
,
16637
16643
Yamamoto
M.
,
Gentile
M.
,
Seedor
J.-G.
,
Balena
R.
,
Rodan
S.
,
Rodan
G. A.
(
1994
).
Echistatin prevent bone loss in ovariectomized mice,.
J. Bone Miner. Res
9
,
1
–.
Zambonin-Zallone
A.
,
Teti
A.
,
Grano
M.
,
Rubinacci
A.
,
Abbadini
M.
,
Gaboli
M.
,
Marchisio
P. C.
(
1989
).
Immunocytochemical distribution of extracellular matrix receptors in human osteoclasts: A3 antigen is colocalized with vinculin and talin in the podosomes of osteoclastoma giant cells.
Exp. Cell Res
182
,
645
652
This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview