We have developed a family of mammalian coexpression vectors that permit identification of living or fixed cells overexpressing a gene of interest by surrogate detection of a coexpressed marker protein. Using these ‘pMARK’ vectors, a fluorescence-based, single cell proliferation assay was developed and used to study the effect of retinoic acid receptor beta (RAR-beta) on cell cycling. We demonstrate that transient overexpression of RAR-beta in the presence, but not absence, of all-trans retinoic acid results in a dramatic suppression of cell proliferation. We further show that this effect requires the DNA binding (C) domain of RAR-beta. It has been previously shown that RAR-beta expression is markedly altered in a variety of neoplasms and cell lines. Our data support the hypothesis that loss of RAR-beta may contribute to tumor progression by removing normal restraints on proliferation. The pMARK vectors should be useful for studying other genes that putatively suppress or enhance proliferation.
The DNA binding domain of retinoic acid receptor beta is required for ligand-dependent suppression of proliferation. Application of general purpose mammalian coexpression vectors
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J.V. Frangioni, N. Moghal, A. Stuart-Tilley, B.G. Neel, S.L. Alper; The DNA binding domain of retinoic acid receptor beta is required for ligand-dependent suppression of proliferation. Application of general purpose mammalian coexpression vectors. J Cell Sci 1 April 1994; 107 (4): 827–838. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.107.4.827
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