Reorganization of centrosomal microtubule-organizing centres and the minus ends of microtubules occurs as the centrosomal ends of large microtubule bundles are repositioned and anchored to cell junctions in certain epithelial cells called inner pillar cells in the mouse organ of Corti. The microtubule bundle that assembles in each cell consists of two distinct microtubule arrays that run closely alongside each other. Both arrays are attached to the cell surface at their upper and lower ends. One of the arrays spans the entire length of a cell but the other is confined to its lower portion. Initially, about 3,000 microtubules elongate downwards from an apically situated centrosome in each cell. Subsequently, the minus ends of these microtubules, and the centrosome and its two centrioles, migrate for about 12 microns to the tip of a laterally directed projection. Then, a meshwork of dense material accumulates to link microtubule minus ends and the centrosome to cell junctions at the tip of the projection. Pericentriolar satellite bodies, which form after the initial burst of microtubule nucleation, may represent a condensed and inactive concentration of microtubule-nucleating elements. Surprisingly, as a cell matures, about 2,000 microtubules are eliminated from the centrosomal end of the microtubule bundle. However, about 2,000 microtubules are added to the basal portion of each bundle at levels that are remote with respect to the location of the centrosome. Possibly, these microtubules have escaped from the centrosome. If this is the case, then both the plus and minus ends of most of the errant microtubules are captured by sites at the cell surface where the ends are finally anchored. Alternatively, each cell possesses at least one other major microtubule-nucleating site (which does not possess centrioles) in addition to its centrosome.
Reorganization of the centrosome and associated microtubules during the morphogenesis of a mouse cochlear epithelial cell
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C.G. Henderson, J.B. Tucker, M.A. Chaplin, J.B. Mackie, S.N. Maidment, M.M. Mogensen, C.C. Paton; Reorganization of the centrosome and associated microtubules during the morphogenesis of a mouse cochlear epithelial cell. J Cell Sci 1 February 1994; 107 (2): 589–600. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.107.2.589
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