Proteins of the syntaxin family are suggested to play a key role in determining the specificity of intracellular membrane fusion events. They belong to the class of membrane proteins which are devoid of N-terminal signal sequence and have a C-terminal membrane anchor. Sso2p is a syntaxin homologue involved in the Golgi to plasma membrane vesicular transport in yeast. The protein was transiently expressed in BHK-21 cells using the Semliki Forest virus vector, and its localization and mode of membrane insertion were studied. By immunofluorescence and immuno-EM we show that Sso2p is transported to its final location, the plasma membrane, along the biosynthetic pathway. Experiments with synchronized Sso2p synthesis or expression of the protein in the presence of brefeldin A indicate endoplasmic reticulum as the initial membrane insertion site. During a 20 degrees C temperature block Sso2p accumulated in the Golgi complex and was chased to the plasma membrane by a subsequent 37 degrees C incubation in the presence of cycloheximide. The in vitro translated protein was able to associate with dog pancreatic microsomes post-translationally. A truncated form of Sso2p lacking the putative membrane anchor was used to show that this sequence is necessary for the membrane insertion in vivo and in vitro. The results show that this syntaxin-like protein does not directly associate with its target membrane but uses the secretory pathway to reach its cellular location, raising interesting questions concerning regulation of SNARE-type protein function.
Membrane insertion and intracellular transport of yeast syntaxin Sso2p in mammalian cells
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J. Jantti, S. Keranen, J. Toikkanen, E. Kuismanen, C. Ehnholm, H. Soderlund, V.M. Olkkonen; Membrane insertion and intracellular transport of yeast syntaxin Sso2p in mammalian cells. J Cell Sci 1 December 1994; 107 (12): 3623–3633. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.107.12.3623
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