Fusion of the YACUT T-cell lymphoma with the Mls-1a-antigen-specific non-tumorigenic T-cell line G4 was previously reported to produce growth-arrested hybrids that could be induced to proliferate in the presence of Mls-1a antigen. The proliferation-suppressed hybrid lines exhibited phenotypic changes as follows: the usually high levels in YACUT of J11d antigen, IL-2 receptor, and c-myb expression, which are markers of immature T cells, were all down-regulated; the G4 T-cell function, i.e., contact helper activity for B-cell proliferation in T/B cell collaboration, was retained. Furthermore, fusion of the YACUT lymphoma with a killer T-cell line produced growth-arrested and tetraploid somatic cell hybrids having killer activity. Thus, in addition to the transformed phenotype (autonomous proliferation in vitro), the antigen-specific non-tumorigenic T-cell line genomes introduced into the YACUT lymphoma suppressed the immature phenotypes of YACUT and imposed their own programming of terminally differentiated traits on the hybrids. Prolonged growth of the proliferation-suppressed hybrid lines by repeated antigenic stimulation was previously reported to result in the appearance of transformed hybrids, which was accompanied by both a reversion of c-myc expression to the levels of YACUT and an increase in the number of chromosome 15. The present study revealed that the amplification of chromosome 15 resulted from the duplication of the tumour-derived chromosome 15 carrying the rearranged pvt-1 gene. However, the differentiated phenotypes of the hybrids remained mostly unchanged upon cell transformation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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