The effects of growth factors on epithelial cell motility and dispersion have been examined on an immortalized human mammary epithelial cell line, the 184A1 nontumorigenic cell line. Among all the molecules tested, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were demonstrated to stimulate an increase in mammary epithelial cell motility and wound closure that was associated with a morphological transformation of the cells and was accompanied by modifications in cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion systems. The EGF-induced increase in cell motility and monolayer wound closure occurred over a 24 hour period and was not dependent on an increase in cell number. The effect of EGF was abolished by inhibiting alpha 2 integrins with specific antibodies, indicating that part of the mechanism for the increase in cell motility and accelerated wound closure depends on alpha 2 integrin functional expression. After 72 hours of exposure to EGF, the EGF-induced alterations in cell morphology, motility and cell adhesion systems underwent a spontaneous reversion that was correlated with a 10-fold reduction in the number of EGF receptors. The ability to regulate the scattering response induced by growth factors might be an important feature distinguishing normal epithelial cells from their tumoral counterparts.
Transient effect of epidermal growth factor on the motility of an immortalized mammary epithelial cell line
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
M.A. Matthay, J.P. Thiery, F. Lafont, F. Stampfer, B. Boyer; Transient effect of epidermal growth factor on the motility of an immortalized mammary epithelial cell line. J Cell Sci 1 November 1993; 106 (3): 869–878. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.106.3.869
Download citation file: