Three cells of the unicellular red alga Rhodella reticulata were serially sectioned and photographed in a transmission electron microscope in order to analyse the organization of the mitochondrial system, or chondriome, which, on the basis of cursory examination, appeared to consist of an interconnected network of one to a few organelles. The chondriome of all three cells was traced and superimposed on acetate paper and a three-dimensional model using balsa wood was constructed of one cell. The chondriome was found to consist primarily of one large, anastomosing mitochondrion located principally at the cell periphery. In addition, it appears that some cells can contain a few small mitochondria that are not connected to the main body of the chondriome. This is the first study to reveal the three-dimensional nature of the chondriome in a red alga.

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