It has been reported previously that sorting out of chick embryonic liver parenchyma and limb bud mesenchymal cells would take place in monolayer culture. The distribution of cell types obtained (liver formed the internal, discontinuous phase) was interpreted in terms of the differential adhesion hypothesis. It was suggested that, in monolayer, liver cells were more cohesive than limb bud cells. In this paper we set out to extend the previous observations with 2 particular questions in mind: (i) Is sorting out in monolayer a general phenomenon occurring between a wider range of cell types? (ii) Can evidence be provided for or against the interpretation of results in terms of the differential adhesion hypothesis? Sorting-out experiments were conducted on circular hydrophilic islands, on an otherwise hydrophobic substratum. Under these conditions, sorting-out in monolayer was obtained with binary combinations of 4 chick embryonic tissue types: liver parenchyma, limb bud mesenchyme, pigmented epithelium of the eye and corneal epithelium. With every combination but one, the cells of one type surrounded the cells of the other type, generating what we have called a ‘circle-within-a-circle’ configuration. With the remaining combination, liver parenchyma and corneal epithelium, only localized sorting was obtained. The ‘circle-within-a-circle’ configuration is consistent with an interpretation in terms of the differential adhesion hypothesis, according to which the distribution of cells is determined by the relative strengths of cohesions between their lateral surfaces. In direct support of this is the finding from plating the different cell types at sub-confluent density on hydrophilic substrata that limb bud is the cell tye having the weakest lateral cohesion in monolayer. Limb bud surrounded the other 3 tissues on hydrophilic island. A hierachy of lateral cohesiveness between the 4 cell types has been constructed. It is unlikely that the results can be explained in terms of specific cohesion. When plated together at subconfluent density, the 3 epithelial cell types aggregate together to form mixed monolayered islands, suggesting that they share common adhesive mechanisms.
The sorting out of embryonic cells in monolayer, the differential adhesion hypothesis and the non-specificity of cell adhesion
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A. Nicol, D.R. Garrod; The sorting out of embryonic cells in monolayer, the differential adhesion hypothesis and the non-specificity of cell adhesion. J Cell Sci 1 August 1979; 38 (1): 249–266. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.38.1.249
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