The neuronal cytoplasmic intermediate filament (IF) protein HeNF70 of the gastropod Helix aspersa is identified by sequence analysis of the corresponding 4,600 bp cDNA isolated from a cerebral ganglion cDNA library. HeNF70 shares 60% sequence identity with the neuronal LoNF70 protein of the cephalopod Loligo pealei and only 36% identity with the Helix non-neuronal IF-A protein. All three molluscan IF proteins display the lamin-type extended coil 1b subdomain harbouring six additional heptads and all have long C-terminal sequences with substantial homology to the tail domains of nuclear lamins. The lamin-like tail domains of the two neurofilament proteins share a unique motif comprising 13 residues, which is absent from Helix IF-A and all other known non-neuronal IF proteins. HeNF70 is encoded by a 9.5 kb RNA transcript. The very long 7.2 kb 3′-untranslated sequence contains a unique 26 nucleotide repeat extending over 0.5 kb in its 5′-region. The HeNF70 mRNA is expressed at low abundancy in cerebral ganglia but not in any of the 13 non-neuronal tissues tested. In contrast, all tissues express at fairly high levels the same 4.6 and 4.2 kb mRNAs encoding the Helix non-neuronal IF-A/B proteins. Blot hybridisation studies on genomic DNA and ganglion mRNA with subprobes from the cloned HeNF70 cDNA, as well as sequence analysis of an RT-PCR generated partial cDNA encoding a putative HeNF60 protein, indicate at least two different neuronal IF genes in Helix.
Characterisation of neurofilament protein NF70 mRNA from the gastropod Helix aspersa reveals that neuronal and non-neuronal intermediate filament proteins of cerebral ganglia arise from separate lamin-related genes
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
J. Adjaye, U. Plessmann, K. Weber, H. Dodemont; Characterisation of neurofilament protein NF70 mRNA from the gastropod Helix aspersa reveals that neuronal and non-neuronal intermediate filament proteins of cerebral ganglia arise from separate lamin-related genes. J Cell Sci 1 November 1995; 108 (11): 3581–3590. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.108.11.3581
Download citation file: