AMG232 effectively inhibits cancers with wild-type p53 (also known as TP53) by reactivating p53, but whether it inhibits glioma angiogenesis remains unclear. This study confirms that AMG232 inhibits the proliferation of glioma endothelial cells (GECs) in a dose-dependent manner and inhibits the angiogenesis of GECs. p53 and RNA-binding motif protein 4 (RBM4) were expressed at low levels in GECs, while MDM2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2, also known as KDR) were highly expressed. In vitro and in vivo experiments confirmed that AMG232 upregulated p53 and RBM4, and downregulated MDM2 and VEGFR2 by blocking the MDM2–p53 interaction. Both p53 silencing and RBM4 silencing significantly upregulated the expression of VEGFR2, promoted the proliferation, migration and tube formation of GECs, and reversed the effects of AMG232 on downregulating VEGFR2 and inhibiting the angiogenesis of GECs. AMG232 increased RBM4 expression by upregulating p53, and p53 bound to RBM4 and promoted its transcription. RBM4 bound to and shortened the half-life of VEGFR2, promoting its degradation. Finally, AMG232 produced a significant decrease in new vessels and hemoglobin content in vivo. This study proves that AMG232 inhibits glioma angiogenesis by blocking the MDM2–p53 interaction, in which the p53–RBM4–VEGFR2 pathway plays an important role.

You do not currently have access to this content.