We examined the pathways that link neurotransmitter receptor activation and cell cycle arrest in oligodendrocyte progenitors. We had previously demonstrated that glutamate receptor activation inhibits oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation and lineage progression. Here, using purified oligodendrocyte progenitors and cerebellar slice cultures, we show that norepinephrine and the beta-adrenergic receptor agonist isoproterenol also inhibited the proliferation, but in contrast to glutamate, isoproterenol stimulated progenitor lineage progression, as determined by O4 and O1 antibody staining. This antiproliferative effect was specifically attributable to a beta-adrenoceptor-mediated increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate, since analogs of this cyclic nucleotide mimicked the effects of isoproterenol on oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation, while alpha-adrenoceptor agonists were ineffective. Despite the opposite effects on lineage progression, both isoproterenol and the glutamate receptor agonist kainate caused accumulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p27(Kip1)and p21(CIP1), and G1 arrest. Studies with oligodendrocyte progenitor cells from INK4a−/− mice indicated that the G1 cyclin kinase inhibitor p16(INK4a) as well as p19(ARF)were not required for agonist-stimulated proliferation arrest. Our results demonstrate that beta-adrenergic and glutamatergic receptor activation inhibit oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation through a mechanism that may involve p27(Kip1) and p21(CIP1); but while neurotransmitter-induced accumulation of p27(Kip1) is associated with cell cycle arrest, it does not by itself promote oligodendrocyte progenitor differentiation.
Neurotransmitter receptor activation triggers p27(Kip1)and p21(CIP1) accumulation and G1 cell cycle arrest in oligodendrocyte progenitors
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C.A. Ghiani, A.M. Eisen, X. Yuan, R.A. DePinho, C.J. McBain, V. Gallo; Neurotransmitter receptor activation triggers p27(Kip1)and p21(CIP1) accumulation and G1 cell cycle arrest in oligodendrocyte progenitors. Development 1 March 1999; 126 (5): 1077–1090. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.126.5.1077
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