A mutant of Dictyostelium that is aberrant in the process of tip formation (dtfA-: defective in tip formation A) has been isolated by gene tagging. The dtfA gene is predicted to encode a protein of 163 kDa. There are no extensive sequence homologies between DTFA and previously identified proteins, but four short N-terminal sequence motifs show partial homology to repeats found in mammalian mucins. Immunofluorescence reveals a lattice-like arrangement of DTFA protein at the cell surface. When developing on a bacterial lawn, cells of the mutant strain (dtfA- cells) aggregate to form tight mounds, but development then becomes arrested. When developed in the absence of nutrients, a fraction of dtfA- cells complete development, but there is a long delay at the tight mound stage and the culminants that eventually form are aberrant. In such dtfA- mounds the prestalk cells fail to move to the apex on cue and so tip formation is delayed. dtfA- cells also show a conditional defect in early development, in that they are unable to aggregate when plated at low density. In addition dtfA- cells do not agglomerate efficiently when shaken in suspension. In combination, these results suggest that DTFA may form part of a cell-cell adhesion system that is needed both for optimal aggregation and for efficient cell sorting during multicellular development. The DTFA protein also appears to be important during cell growth, because cytokinesis is defective and the actin cytoskeleton aberrant in growing dtfA- cells.
A novel Dictyostelium cell surface protein important for both cell adhesion and cell sorting
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
R.S. Ginger, L. Drury, C. Baader, N.V. Zhukovskaya, J.G. Williams; A novel Dictyostelium cell surface protein important for both cell adhesion and cell sorting. Development 1 September 1998; 125 (17): 3343–3352. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.125.17.3343
Download citation file: