The Drosophila eggshell, which has a pair of chorionic appendages (dorsal appendages) located asymmetrically along both the anterior/posterior and dorsal/ventral axes, provides a good model to study signal instructed morphogenesis. We show that the Broad-Complex, a gene encoding zinc-finger transcription factors, is essential for the morphogenesis of dorsal appendages and is expressed in a bilaterally symmetrical pattern in the lateral-dorsal-anterior follicle cells during late oogenesis. This is induced and specified along the dorsoventral axis by an epidermal growth factor receptor signalling pathway, which includes a localised transforming growth factor-alpha like molecule, Gurken, in the oocyte and the Drosophila EGF receptor homologue, Torpedo, in the surrounding somatic follicle cells. Furthermore, the precisely localised expression of BR-C along the AP axis requires a separate signalling pathway, initiated by a transforming growth factor-beta homologue, Decapentaplegic, in nearby follicle cells. These two signalling pathways, one from the oocyte and the other from the follicle cells, co-ordinately specify patches of follicle cells to express the Broad-Complex in a unique position in respect to both major axes, which in turn directs the differentiation of the dorsal appendages in the correct position on the eggshell.
Two signalling pathways specify localised expression of the Broad-Complex in Drosophila eggshell patterning and morphogenesis
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W.M. Deng, M. Bownes; Two signalling pathways specify localised expression of the Broad-Complex in Drosophila eggshell patterning and morphogenesis. Development 15 November 1997; 124 (22): 4639–4647. doi: https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.124.22.4639
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