After the onset of pupation, sensory organ precursors, the progenitors of the interommatidial bristles, are selected in the developing Drosophila eye. We have found that wingless, when expressed ectopically in the eye via the sevenless promoter, blocks this process. Transgenic eyes have reduced expression of acheate, suggesting that wingless acts at the level of the proneural genes to block bristle development. This is in contrast to the wing, where wingless positively regulates acheate to promote bristle formation. The sevenless promoter is not active in the acheate-positive cells, indicating that the wingless is acting in a paracrine manner. Clonal analysis revealed a requirement for the genes porcupine, dishevelled and armadillo in mediating the wingless effect. Overexpression of zeste white-3 partially blocks the ability of wingless to inhibit bristle formation, consistent with the notion that wingless acts in opposition to zeste white-3. Thus the wingless signaling pathway in the eye appears to be very similar to that described in the embryo and wing. The Notch gene product has also been suggested to play a role in wingless signaling (J. P. Couso and A. M. Martinez Arias (1994) Cell 79, 259–72). Because Notch has many functions during eye development, including its role in inhibiting bristle formation through the neurogenic pathway, it is difficult to assess the relationship of Notch to wingless in the eye. However, we present evidence that wingless signaling still occurs normally in the complete absence of Notch protein in the embryonic epidermis. Thus, in the simplest model for wingless signalling, a direct role for Notch is unlikely.

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