LEUNIG was identified in a genetic screen designed to isolate second-site enhancer mutations of the floral homeotic mutant apetala2-1. leunig mutations not only enhance apetala2, but by themselves cause a similar but less-pronounced homeotic transformation than apetala2 mutations. leunig flowers have sepals that are transformed toward stamens and carpels, and petals that are either staminoid or absent. In situ hybridization experiments with leunig mutants revealed altered expression pattern of the floral homeotic genes APETALA1, APETALA3, PISTILLATA, and AGAMOUS. Double mutants of leunig and agamous exhibited a phenotype similar to agamous single mutants, indicating that agamous is epistatic to leunig. Our analysis suggests that a key role of LEUNIG is to negatively regulate AGAMOUS expression in the first two whorls of the Arabidopsis flower.

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