We show that the flowering sectors on plants mutant for floricaula (flo), a meristem identity gene in Antirrhinum majus, are periclinal chimeras expressing flo in either the L1, L2 or L3 cell layer. Flower morphology is almost normal in L1 chimeras, but altered in L2 and L3 chimeras. Expression of flo in any one cell layer results in the expression of organ identity genes, deficiens (def) and plena (ple) in all three cell layers of the chimeras, showing that flo acts inductively to promote gene transcription. The activation of both def and ple is delayed, and the expression domain of def is reduced, accounting for some of the phenotypic properties of the chimeras. Furthermore, we show that flo exhibits some cell-autonomy with respect to autoregulation.

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