In specific genetic backgrounds, a mutation in the tuh-3 gene results in the homeotic transformation of head structures to either leg disc derivatives or structures normally found in the extreme posterior end of wild-type animals. The origins of the homeotic structures were mapped to defined positions in the eye-antennal imaginal disc by transplanting abnormal regions of discs isolated from tuh-3 mutants into host mwh;e4 larvae. These metamorphosed implants were removed and differentiated structures were identified. Of 211 successfully recovered implants, 157 gave rise to homeotic tissue: abdominal tergite, male or female external genitalia and/or leg tissue. Transformations to abdominal tergite occurred primarily in cells taken from the eye region of the compound disc. Male and female genitalia arose most often in implants taken from the antennal portion of the disc, although some tissue taken from the lateral region of the eye disc also gave rise to external genitalia. Leg structures came exclusively from implants from the antennal region of the imaginal disc. These results suggest that cells from within specific regions of the eye-antennal compound disc are constrained in their developmental potential. An obvious constraint observed with this mutation is a dorsal/ventral one: Cells from the eye disc, a dorsal structure, primarily gave rise to other dorsal structures, abdominal tergite tissue. Cells from the antennal disc, a ventrally derived structure, primarily gave rise to other ventral structures including genital tissue and distal leg.

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