Myxomycetes are multinucleate unicellular organisms. They form a plasmodium that moves by protoplasmic flow and prey on microorganisms. When encountering intraspecifics, the plasmodium has the capacity for ‘fusion,’ actively approaching and fusing its cells, or 'avoidance,' altering its direction to avoid the other individual. This is an allorecognition ability. However, it remains unclear whether the range of allorecognition extends to other species, and its ecological significance is also obscure. Here, we conducted a quantitative evaluation of contact responses from closely related species of plasmodium to clarify the range of allorecognition behaviors in Myxomycetes. Behavioral assays demonstrated that allorecognition behaviors are specifically observed within individuals of the same species, indicating that these behaviors are a phenomenon unique to intraspecies interactions. Myxomycetes allorecognition is an extremely narrow and inward-focused behavior, suggesting for a highly specialized mechanism.

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