As Biology Open (BiO) completes its first full year of publication, I would like to take this opportunity to thank all of our reviewers for their hard work (a full list of our reviewers can be found below). All these people have given us their valuable time for free and BiO could not exist without them; we are very grateful for all their efforts.

Peer review is a precious thing. Without it, Open Access journals such as BiO could end up being little more than ‘vanity’ publishers, publishing more or less any paper because to do so increases profits. Critics of author-pays Open Access are right to point out that such journals exist, but they are wrong to suggest that we will all end up drowning in a quagmire of irrelevant and irreproducible data as a result. Scientists are not fools and any journal that adopted this policy would rapidly lose credibility. For the record, 250 papers were submitted to BiO in 2012; so far, 137 have been accepted and 79 rejected (a rejection rate of ∼40%).

Indeed, I would argue that peer review at BiO might actually be more effective than it is at some of the very high-impact factor journals. Our reviewers are asked to focus only on whether the conclusions of a paper are justified by the data presented. I have been amazed at how good our reviewers are at spotting any important deficiencies in a paper and suggesting how these can be addressed – often simply by performing an essential control or by toning down a particular conclusion. It is very rare that we accept a paper at BiO without asking for some changes or additional work to be done, but this is always aimed at ensuring that the conclusions are properly backed up by the data.

Several of our authors have commented on how refreshing it is to be able to write a paper honestly and openly, without having to stretch and/or omit data to ensure that an important and definitive conclusion is reached. As I have discussed before (Raff, 2012), given the extreme pressures on scientists to publish in journals with high impact factors, it is perhaps no surprise to learn that other scientists often find the data published in these journals difficult to reproduce (Begley and Ellis, 2012; Mullard, 2011). Thanks to our reviewers, I am very hopeful that this will be less of a problem for papers published in BiO.

C. G.
L. M.
Drug development: raise standards for preclinical cancer research.
Reliability of ‘new drug target’ claims called into question.
Nat. Rev. Drug Discov.
J. W.
Publishing in the biomedical sciences: if it's broken, fix it! Biol.

Jordan W. Raff, Editor-in-Chief

University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK

In January 2012, the first issue of BiO was published online. As we mark our first anniversary, we have published 154 articles. None of this would have been possible without the invaluable contribution of the more than 200 peer reviewers.

BiO is demanding of its reviewers in that we ask for reviews to be completed within seven working days. That more than 60% of them do so, with 90% within two weeks, is a testament to their dedication and professionalism.

As Publisher, we recognise the vital nature of the work that they do and acknowledge the fact that peer review is a cornerstone of scientific advancement. In 2011, the UK parliament discussed the issue of rewarding and incentivising reviewers ( One way to reward reviewers is to publicly thank them by name. We have chosen the first anniversary of our first issue to do just that. We thank them for their hard work and for managing to fit just one more task into their busy schedules.

Rachel Hackett, Managing Editor BiO

The Company of Biologists, 140 Cowley Road, Cambridge CB4 0DL, UK

Reviewers in 2012

Ian Adams, MRC Human Genetics Unit, United Kingdom

Ahmed Ashour Ahmed, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Takahiko Akematsu, York University, Toronto, Canada

Enrique Amaya, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Kristin Artinger, University of Colorado Denver, USA

Sophie Astrof, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA

Nafisa Balasinor, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, India

Betsy Bancroft, Southern Utah University, USA

Andrew Bannister, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

Orit Barneah, Ruppin Academic Center, Israel

Mark Bass, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Bernd Baumann, Ulm University, Germany

Greg Beitel, Northwestern University, USA

Robert Belshaw, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Timothy Bender, University of Virginia, USA

Regina Bestbier, University of British Columbia, Canada

Geir Bjørkøy, HiST, Norway

Jurgen Bolz, University of Jena, Germany

Ursula Bommhardt, University of Magdeburg, Germany

Thilo Borchardt, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Germany

Gerhard Braus, Georg-August-University Gottingen, Germany

W. Ted Brown, New York State Institute for Basic Research, USA

Colin Brown, University of Newcastle, United Kingdom

Keith Brown, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Julia Buck, Oregon State University, USA

Brian Calvi, Indiana University, USA

Marina Campione, University of Padova, Italy

Fernando Casares, University Pablo de Olavide, Spain

Michael Cheetham, University College London Institute of Ophthalmology, United Kingdom

Ruth Chiquet-Ehrismann, Friedrich Miescher Institute, Basel, Switzerland

Jean Cohen, CNRS, France

Eric Cole, St Olaf College, USA

Joan Comella, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute, Spain

David Costantini, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom

David Crews, University of Texas at Austin, USA

Giovanni D'Angelo, Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, Italy

Kim Dale, University of Dundee, United Kingdom

Jamie Davies, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Helen Dawe, Exeter University, United Kingdom

Johan De Rooij, Hubrecht Institute, The Netherlands

Mauro Degli Esposti, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Robert Denver, University of Michigan, USA

Jacqueline Deschamps, Netherlands Institute for Developmental Biology, The Netherlands

Eileen Devaney, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom

Mary Donohoe, Cornell University, USA

Carlos Dotti, VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, Belgium

Cynthia Downs, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Viji Draviam, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

Wolfgang Driever, University of Freiburg, Germany

Kyle Elliott, University of Manitoba, Canada

Todd Evans, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA

Susan Evans, University of Adelaide, Australia

Caroline Fabre, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Anna Ferrer, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA

Ann Foley, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA

Velia Fowler, The Scripps Research Institute, USA

Robert Friesel, Maine Medical Center Research Institute, USA

Fabrizio Gabbiani, Baylor College of Medicine, USA

Alejandra Garcia-Gasca, CIAD, Mexico

Arieh Gertler, The Hebrew University, Israel

Pietro Ghezzi, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, United Kingdom

Allen Gibbs, University of Nevada, USA

Marco Giovannini, House Research Institute, USA

Jean-Antoine Girault, Institut du Fer, Moulin, INSERM, France

Mary Goll, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA

Yukiko Gotoh, University of Tokyo, Japan

Tamar Goulet, University of Mississippi, USA

Dimitris Grammatopoulos, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Paul Greenwood, Colby College, USA

Chrissy Hammond, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Tony Harris, University of Toronto, Canada

Kevin Harvatine, Penn State University, USA

Shigetsugu Hatakeyama, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan

Dana Hawley, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, USA

Bernd Heinrich, University of Vermont, USA

Jan Hemmi, University of Western Australia, Australia

Clarissa Henry, University of Maine, USA

Thomas Holstein, Heidelberg University, Germany

Marko Horb, Marine Biologial Laboratory, USA

Douglas Houston, University of Iowa, USA

Alan Howe, University of Vermont, USA

Danwei Huangfu, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA

Masahito Ikawa, Osaka University, Japan

Javier Irazoqui, Massachusetts General Hospital-Harvard Medical School, USA

Antonio Jacinto, University of Lisbon, Portugal

Dagan Jenkins, University College London, United Kingdom

Anton Jetten, NIEHS, NIH, USA


Wang Jiqiu, Ruijin Hospital, China

Zhu Jun, University of Wyoming, USA

Philipp Kahle, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Germany

Chrysi Kanellopoulou, NIH, USA

Anna Kashina, University of Pennsylvania, USA

Nancy Kedersha, Brigham and Women's Hospital-Harvard Medical School, USA

Vladimir Kostal, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic

Justin Kumar, Indiana University, USA

Tilo Kunath, MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, United Kingdom

Alexander Kurze, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Pavithra Lakshminarasimhan, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

Tommy Lam, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Irina Larina, Baylor College of Medicine, USA

Roberto Latini, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Italy

Rudolf Leube, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

Brian Lewis, NCI-CCR, NIH, USA

Lawrence Loeb, University of Washington, USA

Hernan Lopez-Schier, HelmholtzZentrum Munchen, Germany

Martin Lowe, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Yuchun Luo, University of Colorado Denver, USA

Giuseppe Lupo, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy

Samantha Lycett, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Laura Machesky, CRUK Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, United Kingdom

Jesse Mager, University of Massachusetts, USA

William Mair, Harvard School of Public Health, USA

Arindam Majumdar, Karolinska Institute, Sweden

Jean-Bernard Manent, INSERM, France

Meghan McGee-Lawrence, Mayo Clinic, USA

Timothy Megraw, Florida State University, USA

Bjoern Menger, Medical School Hannover, Germany

Ralph Meyer, University of Pennsylvania, USA

Domenico Migliorini, University of Geneva, Switzerland

Takashi Mikawa, University of California San Francisco, USA

Marco Milan, IRB Barcelona, Spain

Dana Miller, University of Washington, USA

Justin Molloy, MRC-NIMR, United Kingdom

Ignacio Moore, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, USA

Andrea Morash, McMaster University, Canada

Werner Muller, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany

MonnMonn Myat, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA

Kinichi Nakashima, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Jan Nedergaard, Stockholm University, Sweden

Juergen Neesen, Medical University of Vienna, Austria

Erich Nigg, University of Basel, Switzerland

Leo Nijtmans, Nijmegen Center for Mitochondrial Disorders, The Netherlands

Jeremy Niven, University of Sussex, United Kingdom

Stefania Nobili, University of Florence, Italy

Scott Nowak, Kennesaw State University, USA

Tomasz Nowakowski, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Sonja Nowotschin, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA

Kathleen O'Connor, University of Kentucky, USA

Edel O'Toole, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, United Kingdom

Michela Ori, University of Pisa, Italy

Maddy Parsons, Kings College London, United Kingdom

Gianandrea Pasquinelli, University of Bologna, Italy

Andrew Peden, University of Sheffield, USA

Isabel Peset, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

Bjorn Pieper, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Raymond Poot, Erasmus MC, The Netherlands

Edwin Price, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

William Prinz, NIH-NIDDK, USA

Ian Prior, University of Liverpool, USA

Autun Purser, Jacobs University, Germany

Terence Rabbitts, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Isaac Rabinovitz, BIDMC-Harvard Medical School, USA

David Raible, University of Washington, USA

Vesna Rajkovic, University of Novi Sad, Serbia

Praveen Raju, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA

Thomas Rando, Stanford University, USA

Joshua Rappoport, Birmingham University, United Kingdom

Christina Rathke, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany

Angel Raya, The Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia, Spain

Nicole Rebscher, Marburg University, Germany

Michael Reed, Tufts University, USA

Monique Rijnkels, Baylor College of Medicine, USA

Henry Roehl, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Nela Rosic, The University of Queensland, Australia

Tatiana Rostovtseva, NICHD, NIH, USA

Aurelien Roux, University of Geneva, Switzerland

Aimee Ryan, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Canada

Stefan Schulte-Merker, Hubrecht Institute, The Netherlands

Taiichiro Seki, Nihon University, Japan

Nenad Sestan, Yale University School of Medicine, USA

Christopher Shaw, Institute of Psychiatry, United Kingdom

Guojun Sheng, RIKEN, Japan

Takashi Shimizu, Hokkaido University, Japan

Gordon Simpson, University of Dundee, United Kingdom

Shankar Srinivas, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Klaus Steger, University of Giessen, Germany

Reimer Stick, University of Bremen, Germany

Brian Storrie, University of Arkansas, USA

Brian Stramer, Kings College London, United Kingdom

Xin Sun, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Atsushi Suzuki, Kyushu University, Japan

David Swanson, University of South Dakota, USA

Ji Sze, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA

Kazufumi Takamune, Kumamoto University, Japan

Koji Tamura, Tohoku University, Japan

John Tattersall, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, United Kingdom

Gerhard Technau, University of Mainz, Germany

David Turner, University of Michigan, USA

Akiyoshi Uemura, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan

Taro Uyeda, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan

Teresa Valencak, Veterinary University Vienna, Austria

Douglas Vernimmen, The Roslin Institute, United Kingdom

Christoph Viebahn, Gottingen University, Germany

Christian Voigt, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wilflife Research, Germany

Naoki Watanabe, Tohoku University, Japan

Roland Wedlich-Soldner, Max-Planck-Institute of Biochemistry, Germany

Scott Weed, West Virginia University Health Sciences Center, USA

Brant Weinstein, NICHD, NIH, USA

Deneen Wellik, Univeristy of Michigan Medical Center, USA

Andreas Winterpacht, University Hospital Erlangen, Germany

Dieter Wolf, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, USA

Robert Wootton, University of Aberystwyth, United Kingdom

Howard Worman, Columbia University, USA

Michiaki Yamashita, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Japan

Deborah Yelon, University of California San Diego, USA

Jeanne Zeh, University of Nevada, USA

Yong Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Biology Open 2, 1-5

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